To be or not to be… That’s Theatre!

History of Theater

When Was Theatre First Invented?

Who Started Theater?

Theater actually began in the 6th century. These ancient Greeks were among the first to demonstrate dramatic presentations. Theatres play an important role in entertainment for people all across the country. Almost anything can be considered a form of entertainment for centuries, including drama, comedy, and music.

How Did Theatre Started?

Historically, drama has been linked to Athens, which gave birth to dithyramb, an ancient song named for god Dionysus, dating as far back as Neolithic times. There is also the ‘City Dionysia’, one of those festivals of entertainment which featured concerts, dancing, and singing.

What Are The 3 Origins Of Theatre?

Tragedy, comedy, and drama were the three different types of drama in ancient Greece. Plays in ancient Greece got their start in the festivals which commemorated Dionysus, as Aristotle (384-322 BCE), the first theoretician of stage plays, claims.

What Was The First Theatre Play?

In 1752, Shakespeare’s “The Merchant of Venice” performed for the very first time in Williamsburg, Virginia. Due to a strong Christian culture, theatrical performance had been prohibited from 1774 to 1789.

Did Ancient Greeks Invent Theatre?

In Ancient Greece, the Greeks innovated art and entertainment. If they could be run at 14,000 people they would be able to accommodate audiences from all over Greece. It was common practice in ancient Greece for Greek theatres to be built on hillsides and constructed round, so all members of the audience could hear what the actors were saying.

Who Made Theatre?

Theater was Invented by the Greeks, who constructed three distinct types: Ancient, Intermediate, and Intermediate Intermediate Intermediate. After the ancient metropolises such as Athens took over the building of their theaters, the other ancient city-states continued to build their theatres. Many believe that the theater we know as the Coliseum is a direct result of the invention of ancient Greece.

What Was The First Theatre?

The first plays were performed in what was then called the Theater of Dionysus, built on Athens’s main square as early as 5th century AD, but soon theatres spread to other parts of Greece as well, so popular that they became a permanent part of the country’s

Who Started Greek Theatre?

As stated in ancient Greek tradition, Thespis was the first actor to appear in plays. He is sometimes referred to as the inventor of tragedy; his name was associated with the first stage tragedy to be staged at the Great (or City) Dionysia.

What Was The First Theatre Stage?

2000 BC. It was located in four Minoan palaces on Crete that the earliest theatrical theaters were found. This was thought to be the oldest of these, dating from around 2000 BC. This was a rectangular stage enclosed in stone. Open-air spaces had rectangular stages that were built of stone.

What Are The Origins Of Greek Theatre?

There were no religious festivals for Greek theatre before the introduction of tragedy plays in Athens in 6th century BCE. The result was a generation of Greek comedy plays which were influenced by these. In addition to Greek drama being hugely popular, performances of other languages spread throughout the Mediterranean. Hellenistic and Roman theatre similarly adapted to Greek drama.

What Are The Three Types Of Ancient Greek Drama?

Drama became an important way for the Ancient Greeks to study the world they lived in, as well as what it meant to be human during this period. Drama has three major kinds of genres – comedy, dramas, comedies, and tragedies.

What Is The Oldest Play?

‘Persians,’ the world’s oldest play, serves as an inspiration for the day.

Who Invented Stage Plays?

As the name implies, Thespis, a priest of Dionysus, introduces a new element to theatre that can be described as its birth.

Source: https://forum-theatre.com/when-was-theatre-first-invented/

Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre

Drama at Shakespeare’s time – and at Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre – was characterised by a tug of war between a disapproving puritanical attitude to theatre by the city councillors on the one hand, and royal approval on the other. The city fathers resented royal patronage and regarded it as interference in their affairs. This battle went on until finally, in 1642 and 1644, all the theatres were destroyed under order of Parliament.

We have therefore had great difficulty in gaining a good picture of what Elizabethan theatres were really like. We don’t even know exactly where the Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre stood, although we can get quite close, and indeed, there is a splendid reconstruction of it, which is now one of London’s most popular theatres and biggest tourist attractions.

One of the most valuable sources of our knowledge about the actual architecture of the theatre is a drawing done by a Dutchman, Arend van Buchell, who did the drawing from a sketch made by his friend, Johannes de Witt, who attended a play at the Swan Theatre. Buchell said of it: ‘the largest and most remarkable of the theatres in London is the Swan, which is able to accommodate three thousand spectators.

After the old Globe Theatre was built in early 1599 the first production was As You Like It, followed by works by Shakespeare, Jonson, Beaumont, Fletcher, and others. In 1613, during a performance of Henry VIII, a cannon went off to mark the entrance of the king, and a stray spark set the thatch roof aflame. In one hour, the theatre was destroyed.

Reconstruction of the Globe began immediately, and it was finished by June 1614. Performances continued until 1642, when the Puritans, who found theatre vulgar and intolerable, shut all theatres down. Two years later the Globe was levelled to make way for tenement dwellings.

Plays were big business for those who owned them: Shakespeare was only one man who became rich from his involvement as a shareholder in the most popular theatre. The plays produced by the Globe were very high in quality and the theatre was always full.

The competition among the theatres created a huge demand for new material and is the single most important factor in the flowering of drama that is now known as the ‘golden age’ of English drama. Apart from Shakespeare’s, scores of the plays of that period are regularly performed today. This great demand is reflected in Shakespeare’s vast output. If you look at a timeline of Shakespeare’s life you will see how fast he worked. He wrote up to four plays in some years and averaged 1.5 plays a year during his working life.

A day out at the Globe Theatre was a real treat. The grounds around the theatre would have been bustling, with plenty of entertainment. Even people not attending performances would flock to the Globe for the market stalls and the holiday-like atmosphere. There were many complaints about apprentices missing work to go to the theatre.

The groundlings paid a penny to stand in the pit of the Globe Theatre. The others sat in the galleries. The very grand could watch the play from a chair set on the side of the stage itself. Theatre performances were held in the afternoon because they needed the daylight. The turnover of plays was unimaginable to the modern mind. The theatres could often present eleven performances of ten different plays in two weeks. The actors generally got their lines only as the play was in progress – very different from the well-rehearsed performances that we expect these days. There would be someone backstage whispering the lines and the actors would then repeat them. Women were not allowed to appear on the stage so the female roles were played by men and boys.

Shakespeare was not only a shareholder in the Globe and a prominent writer; he also acted in some of the plays. We don’t know exactly how many roles he played himself, although we do have some documented information.

Shakespeare had begun his career on the stage by 1592. It is probable that he played the title role in Edward I by Edward Peele in 1593. Regarding the major roles in his own plays, he was probably directing because he gave way to the other actors and played small, peripheral parts, including Adam in As You Like It; Duncan in Macbeth; King Henry in Henry IV Part 1and Part 2; and the ghost in Hamlet. Shakespeare’s first biographer, Nicholas Rowe, refers to a role by Shakespeare as ‘the Ghost in his own Hamlet’ and says that he was at ‘the top of his performance’.

The 20th Century Rebuilding of Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre

In London Shakespeare circles there is a name almost as famous as that of William Shakespeare himself. It is that of Sam Wanamaker, an American actor whose vision almost matched Shakespeare’s.

A new acting space has opened in the Shakespeare Globe complex  named ‘The Sam Wanamaker Playhouse.’ Near to the Globe on the south bank of the River Thames there is a plaque that reads: In Thanksgiving for Sam Wanamaker, Actor, Director, Producer, 1919–1993, whose vision rebuilt Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre on Bankside in this parish.

When Sam Wanamaker first visited London in 1949 he did what most first-time visitors did – he wandered around, overwhelmed by London’s beauty and history. One of the things he did was look for traces of Shakespeare’s Globe and he was astonished to find nothing more than a blackened plaque on a wall of an abandoned brewery. He failed to understand how Londoners, who should have been so proud of their famous writer, could be so neglectful.

While filming in the UK in 1952 he learned that he had become one of the many Hollywood victims of the McCarthy witch hunt and decided not to return to America. He had joined the Communist Party as a very young man and although he had long before abandoned that involvement it was enough for him to be blacklisted. So there was no career possible in America but he made a successful and distinguished career in the UK in film and theatre.

He became obsessed with his big idea – the resurrection of the lost Globe Theatre. In 1970 he launched the Shakespeare Globe Trust, and later obtained a piece of land near to the original site. He had considerable difficulty obtaining permission to build the theatre due to a hostile local council that blocked his efforts for years. He was also ridiculed by the theatre and film establishment but, undaunted, he carried on, using his own earnings from acting and directing to finance the project.

Source: https://nosweatshakespeare.com/resources/theatres/globe-theatre/

The 12 most important elements of the Theater (and what they are for)

Theatrical tradition

Etymologically, the word “theater” comes from “theatron“, which in Greek means “a place to look”. Theatre also called “dramatic genre”, is a literary genre written by playwrights (people who write plays are called “playwrights”).

The objective of this genre is to represent a story through one or more characters who communicate with each other through dialogues (script of the play). The play is presented to an audience.

The most important elements of theatre

Of the 12 elements of the theater already mentioned at the beginning, we find 3 that are even more indispensable than the other actors and actresses, the audience (the audience) and the text (or script). That’s why we’ll expand on your sections.

The other 9 elements of the theatre, but are also important and enrich the play or show. Let’s see what each of these 12 elements of theatre consists of:

Actors and actresses

The first of the elements of theatre, and of outstanding importance. Actors and actresses are people who have studied dramatic arts, and who present the play and its history through scripts, scenes, actions, costumes, etc. In other wordshave the mission of transmitting that story to the public through their words, actions, gestures, etc., giving life to the different characters.

In every play, there is at least one actor or actress, and often there is more than one. However, we must emphasize that a play can also be developed through puppets or puppets (ie, it is not essential that they are people). In this second case, the works are specially designed for children.

The intonation of the actors is usually energetic, with a forceful tone and a moderately high volume, so that the voice reaches the whole audience (and to give forcefulness to the character). Both your verbal and nonverbal language greatly influence the story. of the story, in the actor’s actions, and in how the audience perceives their role.

Text (or indent)

The next of the elements of the theatre is the text of the play. The text is called a script when the work is to be developed in the cinema or on stage. It raises and explains the story this includes the development of facts, scenes, dialogues (or monologues), etc.

That is to say, it includes the whole plot, dividing itself into: approach, knot (or climax), and denouement. A detail to know of the text is that it uses parentheses to pinpoint the action that happens while pronouncing the fragment in question.

The text is divided into acts (it would be the equivalent of chapters in novels); the acts, in turn, are divided into smaller fragments, called tables. Without the text, the work would not exist, so it is another element of the theatre considered essential.

3. Clothing

Costumes include clothing and accessories worn by actors and actresses (or puppets). The wardrobe is a key element in identifying the characters in addition, it allows us to identify the period in which the story takes place. I mean, it offers a lot of information to the audience.

In this way, we see how a character can be created through costumes. This work is developed by a professional stylist in coordination with the makeup artist.

4. Make-up

Make-up is another element of the theatre, which allows the characterization of the actor or actress through his or her physical appearance (especially facial). As we saw, it is related to the wardrobe; that is to say, it must go “according” to it, or at least it must have a joint meaning.

Makeup is used to enhance the qualities of the actors (or “defects”, depending on the type of character), as well as to disguise some factions. In addition, it allows to correct the distortions that produce another element, the illumination; these distortions can be an excess of brightness, a loss of color…

The makeup is done mainly through cosmetic products, paints, creams … In addition to enhance or highlight features, also allows to simulate wounds, scars, moles, freckles …

5. Lighting

Lighting includes the way lights are moved and is used for the spotlights to illuminate one or another area of the stage (or actor). It also includes all the lights and spotlights used during the work. Thus, they allow to transmit certain emotions, to highlight (or hide) actors, etc.

6. Sound

The sound consists mainly of music and various sound effects (e.g. the sound of birds in a spring scene). It allows us to emphasize history and enrich it. It also includes microphones.

7. Director

The director is the person who coordinates the play so that all the elements of the theatre work correctly. In turn, he may or may not be an actor. Her job includes coordinating scenes, actors, make-up, etc. This is the ultimate responsible person.

8. Scenography

The scenography encompasses the different decorations used to set the story. That is to say, it decorates the space where the actors perform. The objective of the scenography is to represent the historical epoch of the plot, as well as the temporal, social, and geographical space in which it takes place.

9. Hearing (public)

The audience is the audience, i.e. the people to whom the play is exposed, who come to see it. The aim of the theater is to entertain the public in various ways, in addition to transmitting ideas and values social, political, historical, vindictive … That is why, even if the public does not intervene in the work, it is considered an important element of the work.

10. Objects

Objects, also called props, are objects that actors and actresses use throughout the different performances. They can move them, throw them, hide them, etc., depending on the action. Although they are considered part of the scenography, they are also considered distinctive elements of the theatre.

11. Choreography

The next element of the theater is choreography; this includes dances (or fights) that appear throughout history (if they do). The choreography is based on the musical works (also called “musical” to dry). The movements and dances of the actors must be in accordance with the music and history.

12. Voice in over

The last element of theatre is the voice in over. Also called “voice over,” it’s the “background” voice that explains what’s happening on stage (although you don’t have to explain all the scenes) or provides extra information. The voice is from a person that the public cannot see although, in fact, it’s usually a voice recording.

Source: https://wellnessbeam.org/the-12-most-important-elements-of-the-theatre-and-what-they-are-for/

Why Theatre is Important in Society

Theatre has a huge impact on society. It gives audiences the chance to learn more about humanity through emotions, actions, and the story being told on stage. Each story a theatrical production tells can connect to the audience in one way or another, whether it be through self-discovery, the background of certain characters, or any […]

Theatre has a huge impact on society. It gives audiences the chance to learn more about humanity through emotions, actions, and the story being told on stage. Each story a theatrical production tells can connect to the audience in one way or another, whether it be through self-discovery, the background of certain characters, or any other reason. Not only that but the creativity and expression behind theatre makes for an evening of entertainment that many people won’t soon forget.

So how does theatre truly impact society?

Like other forms of art, the performing arts let artists communicate messages by using their bodies, voices, and inanimate objects artistically. It’s a way that people can tackle injustices they come across or tell a story that they’re dying to tell the world. Every artist involved in performing arts learns how to take constructive criticism, resolve problems, become disciplined, and persevere through even the most difficult of times. All of these qualities can be applied offstage as well as onstage, making theatre a great way to learn these skills and use them in everyday life. 

Additionally, to successfully put on a show, people need to learn how to work together. This is especially important for children involved in theatre to learn, as they need to know how to work with others to accomplish their goals. Research has shown that kids involved in theatre have a better academic performance, boosting their grades and their math skills. 

Those involved in theatre learn more than just how to act on a stage or create a set design. They have to learn marketing strategies as well since they need to advertise themselves to potential employers. Skills that are learned in theatre can easily be applied outside of theatre as well.

Theatre has lasted throughout the ages for a reason. It reflects what’s happening in society; even after the era a script is written in is long gone, the messages found within it can still be projected onto what’s happening in that next era. Examining humanity and its nature is something that will withstand time, as humans will almost always be the same: there will always be selfishness, and there will always be love. Theatre is just one of many ways to portray those emotions through storytelling.

Theatre is also a form of entertainment that can be enjoyed by the entire family. It is, first and foremost, an art that people can and will indulge in; to dismiss its importance in society is to dismiss people’s creativity and perception of the world.

Source: https://thriveglobal.com/stories/why-theatre-is-important-in-society/

Understand the importance of theatre in society

A theatre is an elitist art form and while going to the theatre you will get a wonderful opportunity to explore the human condition and gather together. It is the intricate part of the human history because it is having the capability to show the best and worst sides of human nature. In a modern world most of the people are having a question about why is theatre important and it is useful to improve creativity level. People might easily connect with the history through the stage and make an effective emotional connection to roots. The theatre is the most crucial one for many reasons such as

  • Self discovery
  • Expression
  • History and education
  • Performing arts
  • Creativity

Performing art is about being creative and it teaches people how to express ourselves more effectively.

How theatre is beneficial to society?

Performing art is form of the art in which artists might use their bodies, voices or inanimate objects to convey artistic expression. Basically performing arts are important one for many reasons like forming new opinions, receiving constructive criticism, solve problems better, perseverance and discipline. In performing arts, children might learn that they might work together in order to achieve common goal. All forms of the performing arts might allow kids to express any pent up emotions which they could be feeling.

According to the studies say that arts important in our community because it is an improved academic performance. Some of the studies report that performing art is really useful to children to enhance their grades in the academic subjects like English and maths. It is really useful to your kid in order to make a better career which they want. When it comes to theatre impact on society then it includes entertainment and other kinds of the factors.

Things to know about theatre

Theatre or theater is the collaborative form of the fine art which is using live performance to present experience of the imagined or real event. Music, dance, theatre, object manipulation and other kinds of the performances are present in the human cultures.

In fact the purpose of theater is to provide through joy to people. The theatre is a branch of the performing arts and it is concerned with the acting out stories in front of the audience. The main benefits of performing arts include improving life skills and academic performance. It is a specialized form of the fine art in which artists can perform their work live to an audience. Performing arts in school is one of the best ways to express their emotions and feelings via role play and acting.

Source: http://www.theatredumississippi.org/2018/07/importance-of-theatre-in-society/

Why Theatre Still is, and Always Will Be, Important

Why is theatre still important? There are not many other environments where people come together – performing or watching – which are collaborative to such a large extent. Especially nowadays, when our world is becoming ever more virtual and impersonal, being fully in the moment with a group of living and breathing people is more important than it ever has been before. Here are just five of many reasons, why we say, yes, theatre is still and always will be important.

When it comes to the importance of theatre in our lives, Oscar Wilde said it best: “I regard the theatre as the greatest of all art forms, the most immediate way in which a human being can share with another the sense of what it is to be a human being.”

Theatre helps us to see things from a different perspective.

We’re shown humanity, collaboration, psychology, conflict, triumph, and trauma.

Now we can watch and to an extent experience how others have imagined dealing with similar situations.

As artists, we put ourselves into emotional and intellectual situations that may never arise in our personal lives. Or we get to re-enact situations for others that we have lived through already. We get to inspire, make a difference.

Theatre reminds us that we are not as alone as we think.

How often do we find ourselves overwhelmed by life and we feel lonely, exposed to the elements, the experiences, and daily struggles?

We fight to overcome trauma and are often wondering, “Why is this happening to me?” In those moments we feel utterly alone and isolated from everyone around us.

The arts remind us that others have gone through similar predicaments before and, like we most likely will do too, they have risen from the ashes and continued as a more mature, stronger version of themselves.

In theatre, we are not only sharing space and an experience with the artists who are performing. As a spectator, we are sharing the experience with fellow audience members as well.

Movies and television tell similar stories. Yet there is never any substitute for being there together in person. Nothing is stronger than the collaborative experience of creating and taking part in what has been created either on stage or in the auditorium.

Theatre is immediate and no performance is ever the same.

Although the script may be the same every night, each performance is unique because it is based on the immediate humanity of the performers as well as the reacting audience.

You can watch the same play every night, yet each time, you will have a distinct and unique experience that can never be replicated.

The interpretation of what is given subtly changing every night due to the human beings on stage subtly changing every single day as well.

In-Person Theatre can help promote social change.

Theatre gives us a chance to ask difficult questions. And almost as in a help group it gives us the chance to, in a relatively safe environment, have a discourse about whatever issues are brought to light. Each of us will think about what we hear and see.

Even if we don’t agree, there is something wholesome and healthy in coming all together to focus on a subject. We can listen to opposing views and widen our horizons.

Theatre promotes growth and learning.

A myriad of studies over the years have shown that students who participate in theatre do better in school.

Taking part in drama classes at school has significantly furthered the understanding of language and expression in students.

Performances can help to develop empathy for the experiences of others and can offer guidance in how to best explore diverse perspectives.

Source: https://www.theatreartlife.com/acting-singing/why-theatre-still-is-and-always-will-be-important/

What Makes Theatre So Special?

Theatre in 2020 left plenty of us asking questions. How would be operate in this climate? What is the future for theatre. It was a period of great uncertainty but led to lots of exploration in new areas. It is period of time that will not be forgotten. In the midst of this uncertainty, I have been thinking a lot about what makes theatre so special.

Learning skills for life

My first tangible memory of theatre was in my first year of secondary school. I remember doing an improvisation exercise where a family took were on an airplane that crashed. Between lessons I would think about the family, who they were and where they were going. Drama very quickly became my favourite lesson. I soon got involved with school plays and a local youth theatre. What makes theatre so special to me is that I have learned so many skills that have been applicable to so many areas of my life ever since. Through studying drama you learn key sills in how to perform, present, work as a team and to be punctual. You may not realise you are learning these skills at the time but it’s amazing when you think about it the number of life skills you pick up through studying drama.

Informing

Like all art forms, theatre has the power to help inform you about the world that we live in. I’ve learned so much about the world from theatre performances. During my college years we studied the work of British playwright Joe Orton whose plays such as Entertaining Mr Sloame and The Erpingham Camp discussed homosexuality in Britain during the 1960’s when it was still a criminal offence. These plays offered a view into a period of Britain’s history that has been heavily overlooked. In the last few years the work of Ad Infinitium have showcased areas of life and society that I’ve not personally been touched by but have left a lasting impression of me because they discussed, probed and highlighted issues that are vital. No Kids presents the issues presented by a same sex couple on whether or not to start a family. Whilst Extraordinary Wall o̶f̶ ̶S̶i̶l̶e̶n̶c̶e̶ presented three different stories of oppression and the story of British Sign Language.

Site-specific work also gives you the opportunity to understand more of locations. Witness for the Prosecution  is set in the splendid surroundings of London County Hall and gives the audience the opportunity of not only seeing a fantastic theatre production but know more about the London County Hall itself.

Entertainment

Entertainment is crucial to our personal existence. We always need escapism from our day-to-day lives in order to keep a perspective on things. Whether it would be a best-selling novel or a blockbuster film, the power of entertainment is undeniable. When it comes to theatrical entertainment, few very things come close to the same level of excitement. The sense that you are seeing something live with a selected number of people is something it is hard if not impossible to replicate in other art forms.

No theatre performance is ever the same. If ever there is a moment when I am feeling lost or uncertain watching a theatre performance is more often than not the first thing I think to do. One of my favourite theatre productions to see is the Agatha Christie classic murder mystery The Mousetrap  set in the fictional Monkswell Manor. The play, which is the longest running play in London’s West End, is a fabulous example of the power of storytelling to catapult you into a world of escapism. The outrageously talented Mischief Theatre company are another example who demonstrate that farce, fantastic writing and excellent comedy timing can generate huge excitements for audiences. If you ever do get a chance to watch any of their shows you must. Currently you can see their BBC television series The Goes Wrong Show on BBC iPlayer here or their lockdown show Mischief Movie Night.

Theatre is and always will be magical. Despite the unprecedented challenges that we as an industry face, it has the power to overcome adversity, adapt to the new surroundings and come out stronger and more determined. We are blessed as an industry to be populated by people who are passionate and devoted to the enhancement of theatre. What makes theatre so special? For me it’s my been the central character in my life and I can’t imagine a life without it.

Source: https://www.theatreartlife.com/staying-still/what-makes-theatre-so-special/

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